Wisdom Teeth Removal
Wisdom tooth infection occur mainly due to lack of hygienic maintenances or by the pressure of wisdom tooth on gums. Infection and inflammation can cause terrible pain with swollen red gums, inflammation and/or even jaw stiffness.
Little pockets of fluid called cysts can grow around wisdom tooth. Those cysts are not negligible as they can damage gums, bones and other teeth.
Wisdom tooth pushing other teeth while coming out. This crowding can cause pain and continuous discomfort.
Damage to nearby molars
Apart from crowding issue, some misaligned wisdom tooth keeps pushing nearby molars. This can cause serious damage to both teeth and severe pain.
Please note that the pains can be relieved by medicine for the time being. It is a common practice to procrastinate the required treatment for wisdom tooth once the pain is under control. People come back later making their situation worse. We advise addressing their wisdom teeth issues on time before it gets worse.
Wisdom Teeth Treatment Procedure
1. The first step of your wisdom teeth removal starts with scans. your dentist can see if your wisdom teeth are growing normally or affecting other teeth or not.
2. After reviewing, the dentist will explain your case in details, the complexity of the issue and the treatment. Based on that s/he will recommend a surgical approach.
3. Once agreed, the recommended surgical process will be executed with utmost caution and professionalism which includes post-surgery care to avoid infections and stimulation of the surrounding tissues to heal quicker.Wisdom tool removal is a surgical procedure in which one or more wisdom teeth are removed. A dentist or a surgeon performs the wisdom tooth extraction to prevent future problems of the impacted teeth.
What Is Wisdom Tooth?
A wisdom tooth is four permanent teeth erupt at the back of the mouth one on each of the four corners generally between the age of 17 and 25. Sometimes a wisdom tooth can appear after the age of 25 too.
When Does Wisdom Tooth Pain Occur?
Typically an individual can feel a very little discomfort when a wisdom tooth erupts, provided inside the mouth has enough space for the tooth to erupt. However, some others might experience different and more painful symptoms of a wisdom tooth coming in. Since wisdom tooth starts appearing in an angle and when there is not enough space, it gets stuck against another tooth. Typically the one in the front, this is known as ‘Impacted’ tooth.
To alleviate the discomfort of the impacted tooth wisdom, the removal procedure is done. There are several ways that an impacted wisdom tooth can grow at an angle:
- Toward the second molar (the next tooth)
- Toward the back of the mouth
- Almost ‘lying down’ within the jawbone, at a right angle to the other teeth
- Like being trapped within the jawbone growing straight down or up
What Are The Wisdom Tooth Problems?
Impacted wisdom tooth problems and is often recommended for extraction when an individual suffers from the following:
- Get food and debris stuck behind the tooth
- Gum infections and diseases (periodontal disease)
- A partially erupted wisdom tooth is decayed
- Surrounding tooth and bone are being damaged
- Around the wisdom tooth, there is the development of cyst (fluid-filled sac)
- Orthodontic treatments or straightening of the teeth is becoming complicated due to the wisdom tooth.
The Procedure of Wisdom Tooth Removal?
For wisdom tooth removal procedure, your dentist or surgeon will assess and check if there is sufficient space in your mouth for the wisdom tooth. For this, an x-ray will be taken that will show the root’s position and also if there are any cyst. After analysing the condition of your wisdom tooth, the next course of action concerning wisdom tooth extraction is taken.
Typically, the procedure involves giving the patient a sedative and administering local anaesthesia before removal of the wisdom tooth.
A dentist or a surgeon will suggest wisdom tooth removal if they find any wisdom tooth infection symptoms like:
- Pericoronitis, it is a case in which the wisdom tooth does not erupt fully through the gums, which can cause infection to the surrounding tissues
- Existence of tooth decays in nearby teeth. Often a wisdom tooth that is not fully grown or is impacted has a chance of developing decay since it cannot be cleaned thoroughly.
Does It Pain After Wisdom Tooth Extraction?
During the wisdom tooth removal, local anaesthesia is given that helps in doing the extraction without you feeling any pain. However, once the anaesthesia wears off, you will feel pain and discomfort. To get relief from the pain, you can use some mild pain medication or headache medicine. Your dentist will recommend some pain medication to you as part of the aftercare. However, if you are using over the counter pain medication, do read the manufacturer’s instruction. Also, do ensure that to alleviate pain after wisdom tooth extraction does not take medicine like Asprin as it will have an adverse effect on the healing process.
How Long Is Recovery From Wisdom Teeth Removal?
Wisdom tooth removal’s recovery time can be between a week and two, but the healing time depends on the case and the patient’s condition. But the stages of the tooth extraction healing process can be broken down into the following:
- Blood clot forms in the first 24 hours
- Swelling of the mouth reduces in next 2 to 3 days
- A week from the day of extraction the surgeon/dentist will remove the stitches
- In 7 to 10 days the stiffness and soreness of the jaw should go away
- By 2 weeks any bruising or discomfort should heal
In case the blood clot is dislodged from the extraction place, then the wound can become infected or cause other wisdom teeth removal complications. This can lead to a prologned recovery time. Hence it is essential that you take care of your mouth and the wound after the wisdom tooth removal procedure.
Can You Speed Up The Healing Process?
Once the blood clot forms on the site of extraction, take care of it since it is part of the healing process. The blood clot ensures:
- There is not too much bleeding from the site
- Protects the wound from infection
- Augments the growth of new tissues
- Expose bone is protected
To ensure that the blood clot is not dislodged from the wound in the next 24 hours, you should:
- Not brush the teeth near the removal site
- Rinse your mouth less
- Avoid drinking hot drinks
- Eat food that requires less chewing
- Not smoke, drink alcohol or suck on straws
Also, after the surgery, bite into the gauze pad lightly, that is given to you on the site of extraction for the next half an hour. If a dentist suggests an ice pack after the surgery, use it for the first few hours. Hold the ice pack from outside near the place of wisdom tooth removal for 15 minutes on and off for a few hours; this will relieve the pain and swelling.
At home, try to do the following:
- Rinse your mouth with warm water with salt it will soothe your gums and reduce the swelling
- To prevent infection use an antiseptic mouthwash
- Keep your head up and while sleeping try to keep the head a bit elevated in a comfortable position.
- Also, take care of your food; avoid food that requires too much chewing.
What To Eat After Wisdom Tooth Extraction?
After wisdom tooth removal, as mentioned earlier, avoid hard food, spices, grainy food and those that needs too much of chewing. You can eat the following:
- Scrambled egg
- Mashed banana
- Mashed Pumpkin
- Mashed potato
- Banana Ice Cream
- Cottage cheese
- Instant Oatmeal
In case you have problems like bleeding even after 24 hours or other irritation contact your dentist immediately.